Deep reinforcement learning will transform manufacturing as we know it – TechCrunch
As you walk down the street, you shout the names of all the objects you see: a garbage truck! Bike rider! Sycamore tree! – Most people think you’re not smart. But if you show them how to navigate a series of tasks to get through an obstacle course and reach the end unscathed, they will.
Most machine learning algorithms are shouting names on the streets. They perform perceptual tasks that a person can complete in a second. But another type of AI (deep reinforcement learning) is strategic. Learn how to take a series of actions to achieve your goals. It’s powerful and smart – and it will change many industries.
The two industries at the forefront of AI transformation are manufacturing and supply chains. The way we make and ship things is highly dependent on the groups of machines we work with, and the efficiency and resilience of these machines is the foundation of our economy and our society. Without them, we cannot buy the basic commodities we need to live and work.
Start as Covariance, Ocado’s relatives And Luminous machine We are using machine learning and reinforcement learning to change the way machines are controlled in factories and warehouses, solving very difficult challenges such as robots detecting objects of different sizes and shapes and removing them from them. trash cans. ..They Are Tackling A Huge Market: The Industrial Control And Automation Market Was Worth It 152 billion dollars Logistics automation last year $ 50 billion..
Deep reinforcement learning consistently produces results that are not possible with other machine learning and optimization tools.
As an engineer, it takes a lot for deep reinforcement learning to work. The first thing to think about is how to get deep reinforcement learning agents to practice the skills they want to acquire. There are only two ways, one is to use real data and the other is to use simulation. Each approach has its own challenges. When creating and validating the simulation, you need to collect and clean the data.
Here are a few examples to explain what that means. In 2016, Google X promoted the “Arm Farm” robot. It is a space filled with robotic arms that have learned to grasp objects and teach others in the same way. This was one of the first ways for reinforcement learning algorithms to practice movement in a real environment. Then measure the success of that action. This feedback loop is necessary for goal-oriented algorithms to learn. He has to make sequential decisions and see where they connect.
In many cases, it is impractical to build a physical environment in which reinforcement learning algorithms can be learned. Suppose you want to experiment with different strategies to get a fleet of thousands of trucks that carry goods from many factories to many retail stores. Testing all possible strategies is very expensive, and not only are these tests expensive to run, but failing them leads to many unhappy customers.
For many large systems, the only possible way to find the best course of action is to use simulation. In these situations, you need to create a digital model of the physical system that you want to understand in order to generate data-enhanced learning needs. These models are also known as digital twins, simulations, and reinforcement learning environments. All of this essentially means the same in manufacturing and supply chain applications.
Recreating a physical system requires a subject matter expert who understands how the system works. This is a problem for small systems like a single distribution center, simply because the person who built the system either left or died and the successor learned how to operate it but did not rebuild it. There is a possibility of becoming.
Many simulation software tools provide a low-code interface that allows experts in the field to create digital models of their physical systems. This is important because domain expertise and software engineering skills are often not found in the same person.
Why are you having all this problem with just one algorithm? Deep reinforcement learning is because it consistently produces results that other automatic learning and optimization tools cannot. DeepMind Of course I used it to defeat Go board game world champion. Reinforcement learning was part of an essential algorithm to achieve breakthrough results in chess, protein folding and Atari games. Likewise OpenAI Deep reinforcement learning to defeat top human teams in Dota 2.
Deep reinforcement learning will continue to impact the industry even after Geoffrey Hinton was adopted by Google and Yann LeCun by Facebook, just as deep artificial neural networks began to find commercial applications in the midst of 2010s. It dramatically improves robot automation and system control in the same order we saw in Go. This is the best we have and long term.
Through these benefits, significant reductions in efficiency and costs in product manufacturing and supply chain operations are achieved, and carbon dioxide emissions and workplace injuries are reduced. And for clarity, the bottlenecks and challenges of the physical world are all around us. Just last year, our company was hit by multiple supply chain disruptions due to COVID, lockdowns, the Suez Canal blunder and extreme weather events.
When focusing on COVID, many countries struggle to produce and distribute vaccines quickly, even after the vaccine has been developed and approved. These are manufacturing and supply chain issues with situations that historical data could not prepare for. They had to do simulations to predict what would happen and how best to handle a crisis.Premonition.. “
It is precisely this combination of constraints and new challenges that arise in factories and supply chains that help reinforcement learning and simulation to be solved faster. And we are sure we will face many in the future.
Deep reinforcement learning will transform manufacturing as we know it – TechCrunch Source link Deep reinforcement learning will transform manufacturing as we know it – TechCrunch